Effect of load rate on wood crib behavior.
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 9161, 1988 Jan; :1-11
The effect of load rate on the load-carrying capabilities of wood cribs is investigated in this Bureau of Mines study. The modulus of deformation (stiffness) of wood crib blocks has been shown to increase with increases in rates of load application, causing larger load reactions for increases in convergence rates. Since wood cribs are tested in the laboratory at convergence rates that are orders of magnitude faster than typically would occur underground, wood cribs tested in the laboratory will react larger loads than the same cribs would react underground for the same displacement. Tests conducted in the Bureau's mine roof simulator on green wood crib blocks indicate that the increase in stiffness for increasing load rates diminishes at displacement rates beyond 0.1 In/min, making crib load nearly independent of load rate for rates faster than 0.1 In/min. Seasoned wood specimens were not as consistent in load-rate dependency. Some possible explanations of observed load-rate behavior on wood crib specimens are also postulated in this paper.
Underground-supporting; Crib-walls; Wood; Coal-mining; Shoring; Loading-rate; Timbering-supporting; Mining-engineering; Stress-analysis; Cribs; Underground-mining; Loads-Forces
IH; Report of Investigations
NTIS Accession No.
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 9161