Human factors contributing to groundfall accidents in underground coal mines: workers' views.
Mine Safety Education and Training Seminar. Proceedings: Bureau of Mines Technology Transfer Seminar, Pittsburgh, PA, May 17, 1988; Beckley, WV, May 19, 1988; St,. Louis, Mo, May 24, 1988; and Reno, NV, May 26, 1988. Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9185, 1988 May; :31-39
Groundfall accidents are the most common cause of accidental death among underground coal miners, and in many mines, they are a significant part of the total cost of operating the mine. This paper presents results of a Bureau of Mines study on barriers that may prevent miners from correcting and avoiding groundfall hazards. Such barriers stem from four basic types of problems: (1) inability to recognize groundfall hazards, (2) inability to correct groundfall hazards, (3) lack of motivation to search for groundfall hazards. and (4) lack of motivation to correct groundfall hazards. Interviews were conducted with 143 miners and 9 Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) coal mine roof and rib inspectors to determine the perceived importance of these four categories of barriers, and what should be done to overcome them. The issues covered in these interviews were (1) why miners sometimes fail to do anything about potential roof hazards, (2) walking beneath unsupported roof, and (3) what should be done to help miners to avoid rock fall injuries. Participants' beliefs about these issues were determined by asking them to respond to a series of open-ended and forced-choice questions. The frequencies with which response categories were chosen to reply to each question are presented. It is concluded that those who work underground consider all four types of barriers to be important contributors to groundfall accidents.
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Coal-mining; Ground-control; Ground-stability; Training; Injury-prevention; Accident-prevention; Accident-potential; Behavior-patterns
IH; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Mine Safety Education and Training Seminar. Proceedings: Bureau of Mines Technology Transfer Seminar, Pittsburgh, PA, May 17, 1988; Beckley, WV, May 19, 1988; St,. Louis, Mo, May 24, 1988; and Reno, NV, May 26, 1988.