McGraw-Hill Yearb Sci Technol 1996 Jan; :49-52
For mining, teleoperation refers to the distant control of mining machinery from a protected operator compartment located out of the line of sight to the extraction site. Successful teleoperated mining systems have recently been developed to extract the extensive coal reserves in highwalls, that is, coal seams uncover~d during surface strip mining operations or exposed in mountaintop ridges.
Mining; Mining industry; Coal mines; Coal mining; Coal seams; Robotics; Automation; Highwall mining; Ergonomics
McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology