Analysis and Metallurgy of Manganese Nodules and Crusts.
Marine Metals Adv in Rsrch & Res Assessment D Reidel Publ Company Dordrecht Hol '87 235-246 :12 pages
This paper presents an overview of recent research completed on manganese nodules and crusts collected from the Pacific ocean. Included are elemental and mineralogical compositional analyses, methods of analysis for the minerals and wastes from processing, and process metallurgy. Data are presented for 16 major and minor elements and for the 3 major mineral phases present in nodules and crusts. Methods of analysis for nodules and crusts and their tailings include physical, chemical, mineralogical, and leaching test procedures. Results of processing show varying recoveries of the metals cobalt, copper, manganese, and nickel.
Marine Metals. Adv in Rsrch & Res Assessment, D. Reidel Publ. Company, Dordrecht, Hol, '87, 235-246