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Hydrometallurgical process for producing lead and elemental sulfur from galena concentrates.
Lee AY; Wethington AM; Cole ER Jr.
Rolla, MO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 9055, 1986 Jan; :1-18
The Bureau of Mines has developed an effective hydrometallurgical method to recover high-purity Pb metal and elemental S from galena concentrates. The low temperature process eliminates S gases and Pb emissions, in contrast to the current high-temperature smelting technology. The method consists of (1) oxidative leaching with H2O2, PbO2, and waste fluosilicic acid at 95 degree C to produce a solution of PbSiF6 and a residue containing elemental S, (2) electrowinning the PbSiF6 solution at 35 degree C to produce 99.99 pct Pb metal and H2SiF6, and (3) solvent extraction to recover S, leaving a residue containing Cu, Ag, and other metal values. Spent electrolyte was recycled repeatedly, with impurity buildup controlled by controlling the leach parameters.
Galena; Leaching; Electrolytes; Extraction; Electrowinning; Impurities; Residues; Sulfur; Lead-metal; Hydrometallurgy
IH; Report of Investigations
NTIS Accession No.
Rolla, MO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 9055
Page last reviewed: November 19, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division