This report examines the feasibility of employee assistance plans for the coal industry. Three issues are examined in detail. First, the prevalence of off-the-job factors such as alcoholism, drug abuse, and marital problems are examined in a sample of miners from the eastern, midwestern, and western underground coalfields. Then data were presented that examined the link between these off-the-job factors and behaviors critical to the mines suchas absenteeism and turnover. Lastly, the effectiveness of the major employee assistance program in underground coal mining--the help program--was examined. The report contains recommendations on whether coal mining companies should implement these programs and how these programs should be designed.