Triaxial-loading Measurement for Mine-pillar Stability Evaluation.
Proc 27th Us Symp on Rock Mechanics Tuscaloosa Alabama, 1986 Jun; :379-385
This paper proposes a novel method, "integrity factor approach," of mine pillar stability evaluation based on in situ triaxial-loading measurement. The pillar integrity factor is defined as the quotient resulting from division of integrated total pillar strength across the critical dimension by the integrated total pillar load across the same dimension. The integrity factor is dynamic, while the conventional safety factor is static. With this approach, the pillar stability can be evaluated at any stage of mining progress during panel operation. It automatically considers the progressive failure of the pillar and postfailure strength without the need to clearly define the boundary between yielded and intact zones of the pillar. Based on two case studies, the integrity factor approach is shown to be a practical, effective technique for evaluating stability of conventionally designed pillars. It is suggested that a more realistic estimate of in situ pillar strength could be made based on the combination of in situ triaxial-loading measurments and laboratory true triaxial compression tests, rather than through the traditional combination of biaxial-loading measurements and conventional triaxial compression tests.
Proc. 27th Us Symp. on Rock Mechanics, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, June 23-25, 1986, PP. 379-385