NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Economic Evaluation of an Electrolytic Process to Recover Lead from Scrap Batteries.

Authors
Phillips-TA
Source
MISSING :19 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10005116
Abstract
This publication is an economic evaluation of the Bureau of Mines electrolytic process for recovering lead from scrap lead-acid batteries. In this process, scrap batteries are crushed and separated into metal and sludge fractions. The metal fraction is cast as anodes and electrorefined. Lead in the sludge fraction is converted to lead carbonate by reaction with an ammonium carbonate- ammonium bisulfite solution. The lead carbonate is then dissolved in a fluosilicic acid electrolyte from which pure lead metal is electrowon. A cost estimate is presented for a plant capable of processing 10,000 scrap batteries per day. The fixed capital cost for this plant is estimated to be $14 million on a fourth quarter 1984 basis. Operating costs are estimated to be $0.15/Lb pb recovered. Assuming a lead selling price of $0.17/Lb, the interest rate of return on investment after taxes is 11 pct. A lead selling price of about $0.21/Lb is needed to obtain a 20 pct interest rate of return.
Publication Date
19860101
Document Type
IH; Information Circular;
Fiscal Year
1986
Identifying No.
IC 9071
NIOSH Division
AVRC;
Source Name
MISSING
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division