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Chlorination-grade feedstock from domestic ilmenite.
Wright-JB; Elger-GW; Tress-JE; Bell-HE
Miner Metall Process 1985 Nov; :198-202
This paper describes laboratory techniques and subsequent results of U.S. Bureau of Mines research to produce chlorination-grade feedstock from an abundant, low-grade, domestic, rock ilmenite ore. The research is part of the Bureau effort to devise technology that may help decrease U.S. dependence on imported raw materials. A rock ilmenite containing about 46 wt pct tio2 was smelted in an electric arc furnace with coke, woodchips, and na2co3 to separate most of the iron as pig iron and to form a low-iron, titanium-enriched slag. The slag was ground, pelletized, oxidized, and then sulfated with mixtures of so2 and air in a continuous 4.5- to 9.1 Kg/h (10- to 20- lb/h) apparatus at 1,023 to 1,223 k (1,380 deg to 1,740 deg f). The sulfated slag, containing 60 pct to 65 pct tio2, was reground and leached in water at ambient temperature to decrease the combined levels of the troublesome calcium, magnesium, and manganese impurities from 7.0 to 1.7 Wt pct. The final product was upgraded to about 84 wt pct tio2. This material is potentia _y suitable for chlorination in a fluidized-bed reactor. The most favorable results were achieved with leached slag sulfated at a feed rate of 4.5 Kg/h (10 lb/h) and at temperatures of 1,073 to 1,123 k (1,470 deg to 1,560 deg f).
OP; Journal Article
Minerals & Metallurgical Processing
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