The growth of the boron industry began when marco polo brought borax to Europe from tibet in the 13th century. The paper is limited to uses other than glass, which account for approximately one-half of domestic consumption and cover a range of exotic uses. Depending on the concentration, boron can be both an explosive or a flameproofer and a fertilizer or a herbicide. Some of these uses require highly purified and concentrated forms of boron while other uses require only the crude ores. These nonglass uses include metallurgical fluxes, boron alloys, thermal neutron absorbers, bleaches, detergents, dyes, adhesives, nylon, and corrosion inhibitors.
Ch. 17 in Borates: Economic Geol.& Prod., Soc. Min. Eng. AIME, 1985, PP. 255-264