Satellite monitoring for a coal waste embankment.
Prokoski FJ; Byrne JT Jr.; Bryant DJ
Spokane, WA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, Contract H0212017, 1984 Sep; :1-45
The coalstar project, which operated from November 1981 to December 1982, was a research and development project aimed at providing a reliable and inexpensive means of monitoring various waste site conditions via the geostationary operational environmental satellite (goes) system. The goes system provides data transfer from unattended isolated sites where neither power nor telephone lines exist. The reliability and resolution of the data received while using the satellite link were excellent; however, the site instrumentation gave considerable trouble. The disastrous failure of a large coal waste embankment in 1972 led the Bureau of Mines to undertake a comprehensive program to reduce the likelihood of recurrence. Part of this program involved the installation of instruments to monitor the stability of a specially selected embankment near Montcoal, West Virginia. Initially, the instruments were monitored by normal telephone lines and used normal commercial power from the local utility. The project described here was initiated to replace this monitoring system with an unmanned, solar-powered data collection system that transmitted data via satellite to a central computer facility. The satellite data network is the National Earth Satellite Service of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
CP; Final Contract Report
OFR 102-85; Contract-H0212017
Spokane, WA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, Contract H0212017