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Electrical Ignition Energies and Thermal Autoignition Temperatures for Evaluating Explosion Hazards of Dusts.

Authors
Hertzberg-M; Conti-RS; Cashdollar-KL
Source
MISSING :41 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10004811
Abstract
The Bureau of Mines measured the energy requirements for the spark ignition in air of Pittsburgh seam bituminous coal dust, lycopodium spores, and polyethylene powder with a 1.2-L furnace and 8-l and 20- l chambers. Thermal autoignition temperatures of the same dusts were measured in the 1.2-L furnace. Electrical ignition requirements are given in terms of both effective spark gap energies, eeff, and stored circuit energies, 1/2 ce2. The measured order of electrical ignitability for the three dusts is consistent with the data of other researchers; however, the absolute values are systematically higher, probably because of higher flow and turbulence levels in the chambers used and lower electrical efficiency in the circuit used here. The temperature dependence of the lean limit of flammability for lycopodium was measured with the 1.2-L system, and those measurements confirm the applicability of the modified Burgess-Wheeler Law to a dust. Owing to experimental complexities, the minimum ignition energies for dusts may not reflect intrinsic flammability behavior. However, some valuable information may be obtained from the relative ignition energies of various dusts at ambient and elevated temperatures. In addition, the concept of minimum electrical ignition energies for homogeneous gas mixtures is reevaluated theoretically.
Publication Date
19850101
Document Type
IH; Report of Investigations
Fiscal Year
1985
Identifying No.
RI 8988
NIOSH Division
PRC;
Source Name
MISSING
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division