The effect of underground mining conditions on the activation of automatic sprinklers.
Smith-AC; Ryan-MW; Pro-RW; Lazzara-CP
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 9492, 1993 Aug :1-20
The U.S. Bureau of Mines conducted a study to evaluate the effect of underground mining conditions on the activation of automatic sprinkler heads. Sprinklers were exposed to liquid fuel fires in a rectangular tunnel at airflows of 0, 45, 90, 150, and 250 m/min to determine the effect of ventilation and fire size on the time to activation. As the airflows were increased, the time to activate the sprinklers for a given fire size increased. Also as the fire size increased the activation time decreased. Temperature profiles of the tunnel showed that the maximum temperature near the roof was shifted downstream as the airflow increased. Experiments to determine the effect of rated activation temperature and response time index (RTI) value on activation time showed that the time to activate increased with increasing activation temperature, and decreased with decreasing RTI value.
Coal-mines; Mine-fires; Mine-safety; Underground-mining; Sprinkler-systems; Mineral-industries
Report of Investigations
NTIS Accession No.
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 9492