NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Roof and rib hazard recognition training using 3-D slides.
Barrett-EA; Wiehagen-WJ; Vaught-C
Mine Safety Education and Training Seminar. Proceedings: Bureau of Mines Technology Transfer Seminar, Pittsburgh, PA, May 17, 1988; Beckley, WV, May 19, 1988; St,. Louis, Mo, May 24, 1988; and Reno, NV, May 26, 1988. Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9185, 1988 May; :23-30
Unplanned falls of roof and rib have been historically a leading cause of work-related deaths in the underground coal mining industry. One possibility for a reduction in roof-fall fatalities is to improve the ability of miners to recognize salient visual cues associated with geologic or mining induced irregularities. Such perceptual skills are generally acquired through underground experience and/or training and, consequently, will vary considerably among miners. The hazard recognition skills of underground workers may be improved in the classroom through effective training if instructional aids are used that realistically portray the actual mine environment Because stereoscopic (3-D) slides are a high-fidelity medium that can accurately represent real underground conditions, they are an excellent proxy for miners to learn to recognize the characteristics of unstable mine roof and rib. Even though worker knowledge of ground hazards may be extensive due to years of mining experience, workers may not be competent in assessing potentially hazardous conditions. The truly competent miner in the area of ground hazard awareness must have the ability to perceive, recognize, and correct dangerous groundfall conditions. The state-of-the-art of 3-D photographic equipment and procedures for documenting underground roof and rib conditions has been significantly advanced by the Bureau of Mines. Most mine training departments can now independently provide and regularly update their own 3-D instructional materials at minimal cost.
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Coal-mining; Ground-control; Ground-stability; Training; Injury-prevention; Accident-prevention; Accident-potential
IH; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Mine Safety Education and Training Seminar. Proceedings: Bureau of Mines Technology Transfer Seminar, Pittsburgh, PA, May 17, 1988; Beckley, WV, May 19, 1988; St,. Louis, Mo, May 24, 1988; and Reno, NV, May 26, 1988.
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division