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Large-scale Dewatering of Phosphatic Clay Waste from Northern Florida.
MISSING :9 pages
The Bureau of Mines is testing a dewatering technique for phosphatic clay waste that will recover a portion of the water lost using conventional waste disposal methods and produce solids suitable for land reclamation. The technique utilizes a flocculant, polyethylene oxide (peo), that forms strong, stable flocs that can be dewatered on a static screen followed by further dewatering on a rotary screen. In field tests conducted in northern Florida, clay wastes containing a nominal 2.5 pct solids have been consolidated to greater than 20 pct solids. The rate at which peo-treated material continues to dewater in a mine cut also was monitored. Preliminary results indicate that peo-treated material will dewater 30 pct solids in 140 days. Pretreatment of phosphatic clay waste with lime and h2o2 was shown to improve the dewatering technique for problem clay wastes. Research at the Tuscaloosa Research Center is carried out under a memorandum of agreement between the Bureau of Mines, U.S. Department of the Interior, and the University of Alabama.
IH; Report of Investigations
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division