This Bureau of Mines report presents a summary review of the mineral industries of 26 European countries and the U.S.S.R. Mineral production, international mineral trade, and the role of minerals within each country and in terms of world supply are reviewed in text and tables. The principal mining companies are listed, along with their locations and capacities. Basic information is presented on labor, energy, and infrastructure relative to the mineral industries. Maps for each country show the generalized locations of major mineral deposits, petroleum sources, and processing or refining plants. The maps also show major roads, railways, pipelines, and ports that are important to mineral transportation and trade.