Effect of dead end crosscuts on contaminant travel times in mine entries.
Edwards-JC; Friel-GF; Morrow-GS
Proceedings of the 6th US mine ventilation symposium, June 21-23, 1993, Salt Lake City, Utah. Bhaskar R, ed. Littleton, CO: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, 1993 Jun; :259-264
An experimental program in the U.S. Bureau of Mines' Safety Research Coal Mine evaluated the effects of dead end crosscuts on the transport time of CO along a mine entry. The presence of carbon monoxide is a characteristic of a fire in its incipient stage, and is significant in the determination of a fire location in a mine from the analysis of arrival times of pre-set concentrations at CO monitors. In this investigation two entries, with a total of ten crosscuts, connected by a room were instrumented with CO sensors as part of a real-time monitoring and data acquisition system. Controlled release of 1% CO was monitored as the contaminant traveled the entries for several different configurations of CO sensors and exhaust fan settings. In addition to the normal longitudinal dispersion of CO due to turbulent mixing at the front of the CO wave, the induced rotation of air established within a crosscut by the entry flow diluted the CO concentration through entrainment. It was determined experimentally for the entry and crosscut configuration considered that the transport time for a specified CO concentration was 27% greater than the predicted time based upon entry volume only, but 13% less than the predicted time based upon entry and total crosscut volume. The proper interpretation of the measured transport time of a specified contaminant concentration between sensors is important for mine safety in the isolation of a fire and plans for miner evacuation.
Mine-fires; Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Monitoring-systems; Detectors
Proceedings of the 6th US mine ventilation symposium, June 21-23, 1993, Salt Lake City, Utah