The U.S.S.R. is one of the world's largest producers and consumers of copper and is a significant exporter of the metal. In addition, its copper reserve base is one of the world's largest. According to soviet sources cited in this Bureau of Mines report, the levels of production and export that have been achieved were reached in most instances only at the expense of goals set by the central planning committee. This report summarizes the principal features of the soviet copper industry, raw material sources, producing and processing facilities, policies and developmental programs under which it operates, and its involvement in world copper supply. The report assesses the impact of these aspects on the historic performance of the industry and on the outlook for short- and long- term future performance.