Substitutes for chromium in stainless steels.
Dunning-JS; Glenn-ML; Leavenworth-HW Jr.
Met Prog 1984 Oct; 126(5):19-24
The United States is completely dependent upon foreign sources for chromium, with major reserves concentrated in the Republic of South Africa and Zimbabwe. Although supplies of chromium are said to be sufficient for 600 years, the economic and strategic consequences of a disruption in this supply for a lengthy period could be quite serious. Concern for U.S. dependence on foreign sources for chromium has prompted research by the Bureau of Mines and others that has begun to clarify some options for potential substitution. The focus of this article is on elements that can replace all or part of the chromium in stainless steels.
OP; Journal Article