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Chromium availability - market economy countries. A mineral availability program appraisal.
Thomas-PR; Boyle-EH Jr.
Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 8977, 1984 Jan; :1-86
The Bureau of Mines determined the costs associated with the production of chromite and high-carbon ferrochromium from the demonstrated resources of 10 market economy nations. The analyses evaluated the relative geologic and economic position of these chromite resources contained within 80 producing or potential mining operations. This report presents cost evaluations of a demonstrated resource of chromite, contained within the nations studied, of approximately 1.2 billion metric tons. Of this, 70 pct is contained within Zimbabwe and the Republic of South Africa. The majority of current chromium mining and smelting capacity is contained within these two countries as well. India and the Philippines hold the most promise for expanding both chromite and ferrochromium production outside southern Africa. Their demonstrated resources represent approximately 7 and 16 pct, respectively, of the cost evaluated total tonnage. Chromite resources, on an identified or hypothetical basis worldwide, are highly concentrated within Zimbabwe and South Africa, with these two nations containing in excess of 95 pct of the total. A majority of chromium contained within the demonstrated chromite resources of the nations studied is economically recoverable; but from a long-term perspective, South Africa should increasingly dominate the markets for both chromite and high-carbon ferrochromium. In addition, it is likely that those nations that mine chromite will convert it to high-carbon ferrochromium for sale on the world market.
Chromium; Marketing; Economic-analysis; Cost-analysis; Chromites; Forecasting; Ferrochromium
IH; Information Circular
NTIS Accession No.
Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 8977
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division