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Evaluation of Surface Deformation Characteristics Over Longwall Panels in the Northern Appalachian Coalfield.

Authors
Adamek-V; Jeran-PW
Source
Proc Soc Min Eng AIME 1st Int Conf on Ground Control in Longwall Min Honolulu PP 183-198 :16 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10003906
Abstract
Characteristics of surface deformations--i.e., subsidence, inclination, curvature, and horizontal strains--are evaluated, based on information obtained by direct field measurements over three longwall panels in the Northern Appalachian coalfield. Surface deformations were precomputed using bals' and knothe's theories. The results were compared with Bureau of Mines field data to evaluate the applicability of the two theories to U.S. mining conditions. Measured horizontal movements and the resulting horizontal strains differ as much as 300 pct from precomputed values. Topography has no detectable effect on vertical movements but appears to have substantial effect on the development of horizontal strains. The horizontal deformations computed from field measurements generally exceed the limits used in other countries to protect surface structures.
Publication Date
19820101
Document Type
OP;
Fiscal Year
1982
Identifying No.
OP 49-84
NIOSH Division
PRC;
Source Name
Proc. Soc. Min. Eng. AIME 1st Int. Conf.on Ground Control in Longwall Min. Honolulu, PP.183-198
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division