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Removal of Cyanide and Metals from Mineral Processing Waste Waters.
MISSING :8 pages
The Bureau of Mines is investigating methods to treat waste water that contains cyanide. This report describes a new method that removes heavy metals and all forms of cyanide. In the first step, hydrogen peroxide and sodium thiosulfate are added at ph 7 to 9 in a 1:2 molar ratio to convert free and weakly complexed cyanide to nontoxic thiocyanate. Then steryldimethylbenzylammonium chloride is added to precipitate ferrocyanide, and finally, ferric sulfate is added as a sweep floc and sequestrant for heavy metals. After the suspended solids settle, the water is polished by filtering. The water initially contained 1 to 5 mg/l fe, 1 to 5 mg/l cu, and 10 to 30 mg/l total cyanide; the level of each of these constituents was reduced to less than 0.02 Mg/l.
IH; Report of Investigations
Page last reviewed: November 12, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division