An investigation was conducted on current mined-land practices to aid in the development of a procedure to evaluate post-mining land use potential that considers both industry and public approaches. A detailed review of the impact of regulations, factors that determine land use, and current site planning methods employed by the mining industry is included. The investigation included three in-depth case studies of surface mines in the eastern, central, and western United States. A site planning process was developed and applied to the studies to evaluate the economic, environmental, and social impacts of postmining land use alternatives. In addition, guidelines were proposed to enhance the cooperation between local land use planners and surface-mine planners, as well as to improve comprehensive planning with regard to mineral resources at the local and regional levels.