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Reducing Longwall Tailgate Workers' Dust Exposure Utilizing Water- powered Scrubbers.

Organiscak JA; Volkwein JC; Jankowski RA
MISSING :11 pages
Laboratory and underground studies were conducted by the Bureau of Mines to evaluate the effectiveness of a water-powered scrubber and a brattice partition to create a clean split of air for longwall workers at the tailgate. In simulated laboratory tests, the system was very effective in creating a clean split of air. Observed system efficiencies were 74 and 84 pct with induced airflows of approximately 2,000 and 2,500 cfm, respectively. Underground evaluations indicated that the system was capable of reducing respirable dust at the tailgate. The first underground evaluation resulted in protection efficiencies of 30.7 and 42.5 pct at scrubber water pressures of 150 and 450 psig, respectively. A 33.7-Pct protection efficiency was observed in the second underground evaluation with a modified partition and the scrubber operating at 250-psig water pressure. To be most effective, the system should have the scrubber operating at a flow rate of 10 gpm at 500 psig to deliver a maximum quantity of cleaned air behind a well-sealed partition.
Publication Date
Document Type
IH; Report of Investigations
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
RI 8780
NIOSH Division
Source Name
Page last reviewed: November 12, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division