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An Evaluation of Aluminum Smelter Potlining as a Substitute for Fluorspar in Cupola Iron-melting and in Basic Oxygen Steelmaking.

Spironello VR
MISSING :18 pages
The Bureau of Mines has studied slags associated with ferrous melting, to evaluate substitutes for the auxiliary flux mineral, fluorspar. A waste material recovered from alumina reduction cells, "used potlining," was tested in an 18-in-id basic-lined cupola and in a 1/4-ton, pilot-scale, basic oxygen furnace (bof). One potlining fraction, No. 1 Cut, is a carbonaceous (graphitic) material and represents the bulk of the entire cell lining. The other fraction, No. 2 Cut, is a refractory backup. These materials contain significant quantities of fluorine, and other elements in various compounds. The potlining fractions were blended in ratios believed representative of available materials. Both lump and pelletized forms provided extremely fluid slag. No adverse effects were found on furnace performance, chemistry or strength of the metals produced, or the environment. Fluorine recovery in the slag and fluorine losses to the scrubber water and solids were about the same as when fluorspar was used. There was apparently no lining loss from the cupola, but there was lining attack in the bof. Since the fluidizing ability of potlining is due in part to sodium and other elements such as aluminum and silicon, less fluorine is needed in the slags when potlining is used.
Publication Date
Document Type
IH; Report of Investigations
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
RI 8775
NIOSH Division
Source Name
Page last reviewed: November 12, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division