A large-scale impact spalling test.
Wear Elsevier Sequoia, Netherlands 1983 Feb; 4(3):361-373
A unique test apparatus is described that effectively produces spalling on wear-resistant alloys and can be used to study the causes of spalling. The work was conducted by the Bureau of Mines as part of an effort to minimize the consumption of strategic materials used during the mining and processing of minerals. The test utilizes balls 75 mm in diameter made of the test alloys, which are dropped a distance of 3.5 M. Multiple impacts over a range of energy are produced between the balls. The unique design of the test apparatus provides a multiplying effect that results in 30,000 or more total impacts per hour on 20 or so test alloys. The four major types of failure that were observed on 22 commercial and experimental alloys that received up to 300,000 impacts are discussed.
OP; Book or book chapter
Wear Elsevier Sequoia, Netherlands