The feasibility of applying fine grinding and fine particle processing technology, as practiced in the Lake Superior Region, to the low-grade, high-phosphorus red iron ores of the Southeastern Appalachian Region to recover iron ore products of a quality suitable for smelting competitively with imported materials is discussed. The application of new or improved processing technology or approaches embracing extremely fine grinding to achieve maximum liberation of the iron oxides and gangue constituents also is discussed. The research involved two principal lines. One emphasized the development of fundamental data relating to the fine grinding, sizing, and liberation characteristics of the ores to gain a better understanding of the most effective beneficiation approaches for separating the iron oxide and gangue minerals. The second focused on determining the merits of various beneficiation methods or combined techniques that would yield maximum recoveries of plus 60% iron products. Among the techniques applied were flotation, selective flocculation, reductive roasting and magnetic separation, magnetic flocculation, and hydrocyclone concentration.