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Mineralogical and Elemental Description of Pacific Manganese Nodules.

Haynes-BW; Law-SL; Barron-DC
MISSING :60 pages
This publication comprises a compilation of Pacific ocean manganese nodule mineralogy and elemental composition. The report is divided into three sections: morphology, mineralogy, and elemental composition. The nodule morphology section defines what is considered a nodule for the study, and details the external characteristics and internal structure. Nodule mineralogy is discussed in three sections: manganese minerals, iron oxide minerals, and accessory minerals. The major manganese minerals discussed are todorokite, birnessite, and vernadite. The iron oxide minerals are less well known and include feroxyhyte, geothite, and lepidocrocite. Accessory minerals present include quartz, clays, and other silicates and nonsilicates. A discussion on moisture content is also included. The elemental composition section presents data on 74 elements occurring as cations or anions. The elements are grouped as follows: major and minor elements of potential economic interest (8), other major and minor elements (9), elements of environmental interest (8), rare-earth elements (15), precious-metal-group elements (6), radioactive elements (3), other trace elements (17), and anion-forming elements (8). Cross sectional determinations of ni, cu, zn, CO, pb, fe, ce, and ba are given for a single nodule to show the general tendency of different growth patterns within a nodule because of different element associations and composition.
Publication Date
Document Type
IH; Information Circular;
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
IC 8906
NIOSH Division
Source Name
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division