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Physical Beneficiation of Titanium Plant Solid Wastes: Recovery of Titanium Minerals and Coke.

Paige JI; Mussler RE; Elger GW
MISSING :23 pages
The Bureau of Mines studied methods for recovering unreacted titanium minerals and petroleum coke from titanium chlorination plant wastes prior to neutralization treatment with lime. The objective was to recover valuable raw materials and to reduce the amount of waste materials that must be treated for disposal. Samples of solid wastes were physically beneficiated by gravity concentration (tabling) to recover titanium minerals containing 69.0 to 92.4 wt-pct tio2 and by selective carbon flotation to recover petroleum coke containing 94.0 to 96.8 wt-pct c. Laboratory data indicate that the recovered titanium mineral would decrease the amount of solid waste to be disposed of from 32.8 to 53.9 wt-pct. The recovery of coke would further decrease the amount by an additional 32.9 wt-pct. Preliminary tests conducted on recovering vanadium, chromium, and columbium from liquors obtained by leaching chlorination residues also have shown that (1) 97 pct of the vanadium was extracted from leach liquors in a two-stage solvent extraction procedure and (2) 58 pct of the columbium and 40 pct of the chromium were separated from the leach liquors by an ion exchange technique using a strong acid resin.
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Document Type
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Identifying No.
RI 8737
NIOSH Division
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Page last reviewed: November 12, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division