This report and associated deliverables is the culmination of a comprehensive literature survey, data collection, and identification of over 500 metal-nonmetal active mines, mills, and smelters (over 50,000 tons per year production) in the contiguous 48 states. The purpose was to compile an inventory of the waste tonnages, thus forming a data base for future research and development in improving waste management and disposal techniques in the metal-nonmetal mining industry. The study specifically excluded any commodity that leaves basically no waste when mined and/or milled. The study provided for locating, mapping, encodating, and digitizing all of the mine, mill, and smelter information made available throughout the nation as well as the climatological, land use, topographical, ecological, and vegetative data. Mine, mill, and smelter information also included acreage and/or volume, mining methods, primary ore and gangue minerals, waste composition and haulage, and methods and distance hauled. A discussion is provided concerning present and potential uses of various types of tailings as well as recommending possible research and development of problem areas in waste disposal techniques and management.