Throughout portions of four heavily mined Appalachian States subdivided by the Mine Safety and Health Administration as (1) District 3, northern West Virginia and Maryland, (2) District 4, southern West Virginia, (3) District 5, Virginia, and (4) District 6, eastern Kentucky, active coal mine waste embankments associated with mechanical and/or chemical coal processing facilities of various levels of coal preparation were inventoried. For each site plant specifications, disposal techniques, embankment characteristics, and coal source data were accumulated. Mapping at 1:24,000 and 1:250,000 scale and disposal site characterization forms were developed to present the findings. Associated abaondoned surface and underground openings near each site were also indicated as well as locational data for each site and the area environmental conditions. A state-of-the-art review of coal preparation, waste disposal, and alternative uses of coal waste is included.