This report analyzes air compressor hazards in mines and presents guidelines for eliminating fires, explosions, and other operational hazards that can result when compressors are used in coal and metal- nonmetal mining applications. Government data bases and reports for mine accidents are reviewed and analyzed. Foreign and domestic standards, regulations, and codes governing air compressor usage are discussed and compared. Industry trends toward air compressor usage are discussed and their impact on compressor safety is analyzed. Recommendations are directed toward MSHA, mine management, and the Bureau of Mines regarding their involvement in accident reporting and prevention.