Factor of Safety Charts for Estimating the Stability of Saturated and Unsaturated Tailings Pond Embankments.
The factor of safety, the traditional measure of stability for earth embankments is graphically presented in factors of safety charts in this Bureau of Mines report. Factor of safety contours are drawn for homogeneous earth embankments for two contrasting situations: (1) no phreatic surface and (2) a phreatic surface that assumes 10- pct freeboard. The factor of safety can be read directly from the charts if the physical properties of the soil and the geometry of the embankment are known. The curves provide a quick first approximation of the "most stable" and "least stable" condition of the embankment. The simplified bishop method was used for the safety factor calculations, and a sequence of least squares curve fitting steps was used to present the factor of safety in final chart form.
IH; Report of Investigations