Environmental factors affecting surface mining of steeply pitching coal seams. Volume I/overview.
Brown GR; Douglas WJ; Schroeder EW; Dike DH; Hirsch AH
Spokane, WA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, Contract J0199006, 1980 Jan; :1-131
With renewed demand for coal to supply today's energy needs, many coal mining operations are being developed that previously would have been deemed uneconomic. One of the most challenging areas of coal recovery is coal seams that pitch in excess of 25 degrees. Thus, the Bureau of Mines conducted in-depth analyses of the environmental, operational, and reclamation problems in terms of the resource potential associated with the surface mining of steeply pitching coal seams. This report presents the analyses of five surface mines located in three geologically distinct basins of the United States.
Mining; Surface mining; Coal seams; Motion studies; Coal mining; Coal mines; Environmental management; Compliance; Regulations; Mining industry; Environmental impacts; Economic impact; Economics; Coal industry; Coal processing; Geologic formations; Geology
CP; Final Contract Report
NTIS Accession No.
OFR 39(1)-81; Contract-J0199006
Spokane, WA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, Contract J0199006
Ketron, Inc., Wayne, PA