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Testing the Effects of Applied Behavioral Analysis and Applied Behavioral Management Techniques on the Safe Behaviors of Salt Mine Personnel.

Uslan SS; Adelman HM; Keller RS
NTIS: PB/80-171309 :44 pages
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the effect of positive reinforcement, specifically, social reinforcement (sr) on the frequency of eye, hand, and back injuries at four experimental salt mines. Injury data were collected from January 1976 through September 1978 on a month-by-month basis. Approximately 100 managers and supervisors were trained in the use of positive reinforcement of occurrences of "safe behavior." Each was provided with manuals and other supportive materials and following training, they were provided coaching experience to help retain the knowledge and capabilities gained. The analysis showed significant injury reductions at two sites and no reductions at the other two. When the data were corrected for the work-hours expended in the post training period, a third site showed reductions in injuries. Similar findings were shown when the experimental sites were compared with other sites in the industry. The results support the hypothesis that the application of sr is related to a reduction in injuries.
Publication Date
Document Type
CP; Final Contract Report;
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
OFR 44-80
NIOSH Division
Source Name
NTIS: PB/80-171309
Performing Organization
Salt Inst. & Human Potential D
Page last reviewed: October 29, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division