Coal mining research and development: the federal government.
Proc SME Annual Meeting AIME Denver Colorado 1978 Feb; :12-17
The federal government, operators, manufacturers, and universities share common goals in coal mining research and development (R&D). Responsibilities of the federal government, however, may require that it place different priorities on these goals. The federal government is responsible for assuring that the nation has a dependable and adequate minerals and fuels supply at reasonable cost and with acceptable social and environmental impact. The government, therefore, must be alert to both short- and long-term national needs and, to the extent required, sponsor or do the research needed to meet these needs. For example, federal R&D is appropriate where costs of R&D are high, benefits to individual firms are small, yet aggregate social benefits are high. This and the other principal reasons that justify participation of the federal government in the technological advancement of coal mining are presented in the context of the federal coal mining R&D scene.
Mining-industry; Coal-mining; Safety-research; Sociological-factors; Environmental-factors; Minerals; Fuels; Fuel-production
Proc. SME Annual Meeting, AIME, Denver, Colorado, February 28, 1978, PP. 12-17