This report discusses fire-resistant hydraulic fluid safety from three different directions. First, results of a survey prepared for the fire resistant hydraulic journal by the staff of the fluid power research center are analyzed. Second, operational limitations of fire-resistant hydraulic fluids are examined. Finally, laws and standards of various foreign countries are investigated. The results show that a significant number of experts in the fluid power industry are not in agreement about aspects of fire-resistant hydraulic fluid fire-resistance and toxicity. This indicates a need for more in-depth research. The use of fire-resistant hydraulic fluids involves a compromise between the decreased fire hazards and increased toxicity and machine incompatibility problems. Major foreign governmental agencies have thorough laws and standards concerning fire-resistant hydraulic fluids. These laws and standards may provide a solid framework for further international research into fire-resistant hydraulic fluid safety.
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