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Rock preconditioning to prevent rock bursts - report on a field demonstration.
Karwoski WJ; McLaughlin WC; Blake W
NTIS: PB 80-125933, 1979; :1-47
To improve rock-burst control in deep vein mining, a field demonstration has been carried out by the Bureau of Mines to test a new rock-burst control concept--rock preconditioning in advance of mining. The procedure is to fracture the major rock-burst-prone zone during the development of each level before production mining. This allows initial mining to begin in a preconditioned zone and later mining from the level below to end in a prefractured or preconditioned pillar zone that is relatively burst-free. The field data compared favorably with predicted results from a finite-element computer model simulation of the destressing. Based on observations made during mining and on the data from the Hecla rock-burst monitoring system, there is no doubt that this preconditioning in advance of mining demonstration resulted in much-improved rock-burst control during first-floor mining. It was also concluded that preconditioning the vein was more effective than preconditioning the wall rock.
Mining; Mining industry; Rock bursts; Environmental control; Fracture zones; Rock mechanics; Computer models; Simulation methods; Control methods
IH; Report of Investigations
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS: PB 80-125933
Page last reviewed: October 15, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division