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Dispersal of Coal and Rock Dust Deposits.

Singer-JM; Cook-EB; Grumer-J
NTIS: PB 211 004 :32 pages
The objective of this investigation was to determine minimum air velocities and entrainment rates for coal and rock dust dispersion in wind tunnel experiments under conditions that simulate dispersion from surfaces in coal mines where airflows are induced by weak gas explosions. Dust deposits were bed- or ridge-shaped; particle sizes were 6 to 80 microns (cohesive deposits) or 100 to 150 microns (free- flowing deposits); and wind tunnels were 7.62 Cm wide by 5.08 Cm high by 300 cm long, and 2.4 M wide by 1.5 M high by 215 m long. The investigation showed that minimum air velocities (directed at midheight) of separate, layered, or mixed piles of coal dust and rock dust were within the range 5 to 30 m/sec, independent of size of wind tunnel. This finding considerably facilitates scaling of data to mine-size passageways. Free-flowing deposits dispersed relatively slowly by single-particle detachment; cohesive dusts dispersed faster by the breaking and lifting of large clumps along weak failure flames; particle dispersion occurred in flight. Layered or mixed deposits of coal and rock dust did not disperse selectively. Semi-empirical expressions were derived relating minimum air velocities and dispersion rates to dust-pile geometry, cohesion, porosity, and bulk density.
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NTIS: PB 211 004
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division