Selecting, evaluating, and using sharps disposal containers.
Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 97-111, 1998 Jan; :1-30
A framework was presented for the selection of disposable and reusable sharps disposal containers and for evaluation of their efficacy as part of a needlestick injury (NSI) prevention plan. The number of NSIs in the health care environment can be reduced by the correct and consistent use of rigid sharps disposal containers. Disposal containers must be functional during their entire usage, accessible to workers who use sharps, visible to the workers who use them, and accommodate both the user and the facility. Existing OSHA requirements and NIOSH recommendation for sharps disposal containers were outlined. The OSHA bloodborne pathogens standard was reviewed, and information was provided on reprocessing reusable sharps disposal containers. NIOSH has recommended that containers be selected based on a site specific hazard analysis. Recommended strategies for selecting and using sharps disposal containers were discussed. A decision logic was presented which outlined appropriate criteria and priorities for container selection. A performance evaluation questionnaire was also included.
Health-care-personnel; Needlestick-injuries; Laboratory-workers; Accident-prevention; Safety-equipment; Infection-control; Occupational-hazards
NTIS Accession No.
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 97-111
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health