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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-97-0062-2662, New Alaska Native Medical Center, Anchorage, Alaska.
McCammon C; Daniels W; Lee S
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 97-0062-2662, 1997 Oct; :1-24
In response to a request from the Safety and Health Manager, a survey was conducted at the New Alaska Native Medical Center (SIC- 8062), Anchorage, Alaska, shortly after the hospital opened. Concern was expressed regarding the monitoring for ethylene-oxide (75218) (ETO), waste anesthetic gases in the operating room suites, cold sterilants, dark room chemicals, laboratory chemicals used in pathology, and nitrous-oxide (10024972) used in dental operations. Exposures to glutaraldehyde (111308), acetic-acid (64197), hydroquinone (123319), ethylene-oxide (75218), formaldehyde (50000), xylene (1330207), and volatile organic compounds were all well below any evaluation criteria. Only three of 50 samples for wastes anesthetics in the Operating Room Suites were above the NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limits of 25 parts per million for nitrous- oxide and 2 parts per million for halogenated anesthetics per procedure. The three elevated samples were all associated with pediatric dental rehabilitation cases where sevoflurane (28523-86-6) was used. The author concludes that chemical exposure in the new hospital were, in general, minimal. The author recommends the creation of a negative pressure in the dark room area of the X-ray processors; a better storage system for tissue samples in formalin; ventilation adjustments in the dental suites; and drain trap filling on routine maintenance.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-97-0062-2662; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Region-10; Laboratory-workers; Health-care-personnel; Anesthetics; Toxic-gases; Sterility; Organic-solvents; Solvent-vapors; Author Keywords: General Medical and Surgical Hospitals; hospitals; acetic acid; desflurane; ethylene oxide; ormaldehyde; glutaraldehyde; hydroquinone; isoflurane; nitrous oxide; sevoflurane; waste anesthetic gases; volatile organic compounds; VOCs
75-21-8; 10024-97-2; 111-30-8; 64-19-7; 123-31-9; 75-21-8; 50-00-0; 1330-20-7; 28523-86-6
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division