Ergonomic hazard control in commercial dry cleaning was reviewed. Ergonomic risk factors such as repetitive motions, awkward postures, excessive reaching, and precision gripping increased the risk of musculoskeletal injury. Ergonomic risks in the dry cleaning industry occurred during garment transfer, pressing, and bagging. The engineering measures and work practices useful for controlling ergonomic hazards during garment transfer, pressing, and bagging included workstation redesign, work organization alteration, garment transfer modification or elimination, multipress stations, shirt pressing stations, and garment bagging areas. Excessive reaching and awkward positions were often eradicated through workstation redesign. Work organization changes such as frequent rest breaks and worker rotation were useful for controlling ergonomic risks when engineering changes were not feasible. The use of dry to dry machines eliminated the garment transfer process. When transfer machines were used, limiting the weight of each transfer operation and reducing the amount of required bending and reaching were two ways to control the ergonomic risks of garment transfer. Ergonomic risks at multipress stations were reduced by using adjustable utility presses, placing hand iron platforms near the worker, using proximity sensors, and using thick closed cell silicone floor mats. Ergonomic risks at shirt pressing stations were reduced by placing cabinet bag sleever hand controls near the worker, using proximity sensors, and using button pulling devices. The use of well maintained, adjustable bagging poles with a hydraulic pedal control system was recommended for controlling the ergonomic risks at garment bagging areas.
Cumulative-trauma; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Repetitive-work; Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Ergonomics; Dry-cleaning-industry; Body-mechanics; Control-methods; Occupational-exposure; Industrial-hazards; Industrial-design; Health-hazards; Work-areas; Work-practices; Risk-factors; Equipment-design