Costs of occupational injuries and illnesses in 1992.
Leigh-JP; Markowitz-S; Fahs-M; Bernstein-J; Mishel-L; Shin-C; Landrigan-P
NIOSH 1993 Jan; :1-97
The extent of deaths and injuries occurring among American workers and the cost to the economy were investigated. Estimates were presented of the incidence, prevalence and costs of workplace related injuries, illnesses, and deaths for the entire civilian workforce of the United States in 1992. Roughly 6,500 job related injury deaths occurred, 13.2 million nonfatal injuries, 60,300 job related disease deaths, and 862,200 illnesses in the American workplace in 1992. The total direct and indirect costs associated with these injuries and illnesses were 179.3 billion dollars, or 3% of the Gross Domestic Product. The costs were born by injured workers and their families, by all other workers through lower wages, by firms through lower profits, by consumers through higher prices, and by taxpayers through higher taxes. Workers' compensation covered only slightly more than 30% of all costs. Men were approximately 12 to 13 times more likely than women to suffer a fatal injury, but men were only roughly three times as likely as women to experience a nonfatal injury. Occupations with high mortality rates included lumberjacks, construction laborers, taxi drivers, truck drivers and pilots. Occupations contributing the most to costs included laborers, sanitation workers, warehouse workers, nursing orderlies, and mechanics.
NIOSH-Cooperative-Agreement; Training; Health-care-personnel; Mortality-surveys; Accident-rates; Occupational-health; Construction-workers; Logging-workers; Forestry-workers; Transportation-industry; Sex-factors
Department of Economics, San Jose State University, San Jose, CA 95192-0114
Final Cooperative Agreement Report
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
E.R.C., Inc., c/o Snow and Halliday, Salt Lake City, Utah