The research needs identified by the Child Labor Working Team and their recommendations for interagency collaboration were presented. Research needs were identified based on the expertise of team members, research conducted by team members, and presentations and input from outside experts. Issues explored included available data, regulatory approaches, school based and school facilitated work experience and education, psychosocial aspects of youth employment, agricultural employment, research needs as perceived by stakeholders. Data on youth employment and occupational injuries, illnesses and fatalities were considered. Limitations in the data gathering were due to gaps in surveillance systems, unreliable identification of work relatedness of the injury, inadequate documentation of agricultural injuries, inadequate knowledge about the relative risks of jobs, and lack of data on the number and cost of disabling injuries. Risk factors unique to children and adolescents included physical and physiological factors such as size, growth, sleep requirements, and their susceptibility to injuries and illness. Psychosocial risk factors included psychological factors, lack of work experience, lack of training and supervision, and inappropriate work assignments. The applicable regulations were reviewed along with the national objectives for occupational safety and health of youths. NIOSH focused projects on children and adolescents were cited.