Communicating safe sun practices to farm youth: a model and field test of a proposed curriculum.
Turk-DR; Parrott-R; Martin-M; Steiner-C; Lewis-D
J Agromed 1997 Aug; 4(3/4):391-395
This project was designed to identify the barriers and motivators to farm youths' performance of skin cancer prevention and detection behavior in order to design curricula which could directly address both. The curriculum as developed was pilot tested in 1994 at the Georgia Healthy Farmers "Farm Kids" Safety Camp. The 82 participants, aged 8 to 15 years, were children of Georgia farmers. Eight Sun Safety classes were held over the course of two days. Participants were seated in a large conference room and were given a research questionnaire packet consisting of a skin cancer prevention/detection knowledge measure, three skin cancer related fact sheets, and a workbook to be used to rate various skin cancer prevention/detection materials and behaviors staged at centers around the room. A brief presentation about the dangers of sun exposure and skin cancer prevention behaviors was given after which subjects participated in three activities: a sun protection hat station, a sun block station, and skin self exam station. Student t- tests were conducted comparing the outcome expectancy scores for individuals who reported that they would wear the particular hat or sunscreen with the outcome expectancy scores for individuals who reported that they would not wear the particular hat or sunscreen. Participants who reported that they would wear the hat had significantly higher positive outcome expectancy scores than those who said that they would not wear those hats. For four out of five sun blocks, participants who reported that they would wear these blocks had significantly higher positive outcome expectancies than those reporting that they would not wear them. The authors conclude that health education curricula to promote sun safety to youth must focus on building positive outcome expectancies in relation to the most efficacious practices, and in drawing clear distinctions for youth among their options, so that they are able to make decisions for themselves.
NIOSH-Cooperative-Agreement; Agriculture; Cancer; Skin-cancer; Education; Agricultural-workers; Attitude; Agricultural-industry; Skin-exposure; Environmental-exposure; Risk-factors; Carcinogenesis; Cancer-rates;
Author Keywords: Skin cancer; social cognitive theory
Journal of Agromedicine
Georgia Department of Human Resources, Atlanta, Georgia