Occupational fatalities among older workers in the United States: 1980-1991.
Kisner SM; Pratt SG
J Occup Environ Med 1997 Aug; 39(8):715-721
Work related fatalities among workers aged 65 years and older from 1980 through 1991 were characterized, including detailed analyses by cause of death, gender, industry, and occupation not previously examined in the literature. Results of the analysis were compared for workers aged 65 years and older and workers aged 16 to 64 years for demographics, cause of death, and employment characteristics. Based on National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) data there were 5,218 fatalities among workers aged 65 years and older from 1980 through 1991. The fatality rate for workers in this age group was almost three times higher than the rate for workers aged 16 to 64 years. The overall rate for men aged 65 years and older was ten times higher than that for women in the same age group and more than twice as high as that for men aged 16 to 64 years. The highest rates were in the mining, agriculture, and construction industries. Compared with younger workers, older men were at an elevated risk for fatalities caused by machines, and older women were at an elevated risk for fatal falls and homicides. The authors conclude that prevention efforts should focus on older workers in agricultural settings, as well as those at increased risk of workplace falls or violence.
NIOSH-Author; Mortality-surveys; Accident-rates; Risk-factors; Accident-prevention; Industrial-safety; Epidemiology; Sex-factors; Age-factors; Traumatic-injuries; Workplace-violence;
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Safety Research, Surveillance and Field Investigations Branch, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505-2888
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine