Three perspectives on work-related injury surveillance systems.
Sorock GS; Smith GS; Reeve GR; Dement J; Stout N; Layne L; Pastula ST
Am J Ind Med 1997 Aug; 32(2):116-128
Work related injury surveillance methods were presented: the use of narrative data injury databases to extract epidemiologic data, data set linkage, and the development of comprehensive company wide surveillance systems. Narrative data analysis surpassed coded data because it allowed one to better understand the specific circumstances of an injury. Narrative data analysis identified and statistically analyzed specific hazards or injury circumstances through computerized keyword searches and a manual review of narrative entries. Data set linkage studies took advantage of data from more than one data set linked with a common individual identifier. Linking data from different sources promised improved methods for occupational injury surveillance. Both of the aforementioned methods were limited by the quality of the data and the completeness of records entered at the time of the injury. An example was presented of a company wide surveillance system established in 1993 at the Ford Motor Company composed of two distinct parts: a data collections portion linked to each factory's timekeeping/personnel system, with a computer driven OSHA log, and a health data analysis component. Other applications of company wide surveillance systems, a list of criteria for company injury surveillance systems, future research needs for a more effective factory based surveillance system, and an integration and discussion of surveillance methods were presented.
NIOSH-Author; Humans; Computer-models; Surveillance-programs; Industrial-medicine; Accident-statistics; Traumatic-injuries; Information-processing; Information-systems;
Author Keywords: narrative data; data linkage studies; company-wide surveillance; injury; occupational; surveillance; methods
American Journal of Industrial Medicine