Alcohol and occupational injuries among older workers.
Zwerling-C; Sprince-NL; Wallace-RB; Davis-CS; Whitten-PS; Heeringa-SG
Accid Anal and Prev 1996 May; 28(3):371-376
The relationship between alcohol use and occupational injury was investigated in an attempt to validate an earlier published model using nationally representative samples of older workers. Information was collected from 7,089 persons between 51 and 61 years old from the Health and Retirement Study who worked for pay during the preceding year; farmers were excluded from the multivariate analyses, leaving 6,857 nonfarmers. Particular attention was given to the association between responses to the CAGE alcoholism screening questions, which is a self report of average daily alcohol consumption, and the occurrence of an occupational injury within the last year. Even after controlling for sex, age, education, occupation, and strenuous job activity, alcoholism, as measured by three or more positive responses to the CAGE questions, was associated with occupational injuries with an odds ratio of 1.68. Moderate drinkers, those reporting one to two drinks per day, had the lowest injury rate. Both teetotalers, and those who had less than one drink a day, as well as those who drank five or more drinks a day had elevated risks of occupational accidents.
Age-groups; Traumatic-injuries; Accident-statistics; Alcoholic-beverages; Statistical-analysis; Humans; Occupational-accidents
Prev Med & Environmental Hlth University of Iowa 100 Oakdale Campus, 124 Amrf Iowa City, IA 52242-5000
Investigation of Adverse Effects
Accident Analysis and Prevention
University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa