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Effect of computer mouse design on risk factors for cumulative trauma disorder and on patterns of motor coordination of the forearm and wrist in skilled and novice users.
Occupational and Industrial Orthopaedic Center, Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York University Medical Center, New York, New York 1997 Jan; :1-359
The common, forearm pronated (FP) computer mouse was compared with a new forearm neutral (FN) computer mouse designed to reduce the risk of cumulative trauma disorders (CTD). Twenty experienced mouse users and 20 novice mouse users participated in evaluations of the two mouse types. Use of the FP mouse was associated with mean forearm pronation up to maximum, high mean wrist ulnar deviation, motions of wrist radial ulnar deviation with intermittent occurrence of maximum ulnar deviation angles, and activation of the pronators and the wrist extensors at intensities between 8% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) and 35% MVC at least 40% of the time. The FN mouse eliminated the postural and joint motion risk factors and reduced some muscular demands associated with postural risks. The FN mouse did not reduce mean wrist extension and it increased extensors carpi radialis activation to higher intensity levels. The highest speed of performance was attained with the FN mouse. Novice users demonstrated a similar rate of improvement in speed of performance with both mouse designs. Skilled users demonstrated a remarkable degree of skill transfer. The study showed that risk factors for forearm and wrist CTD can be attributed to mouse operation as such.
NIOSH-Grant; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Humans; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Muscle-stress; Muscle-function; Task-performance; Repetitive-work
Occ & Industrial Orth Center Hosp for Joint Diseases/oioc 63 Downing Street New York, NY 10014
Final Grant Report
NTIS Accession No.
Occupational and Industrial Orthopaedic Center, Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York University Medical Center, New York, New York
Hospital for Joint Diseases Ortho Inst, New York, New York
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division