Risk factors for work-related violent victimization.
Klein-PJ; Gerberich-SG; Gibson-RW; Maldonado-G; Kruttschnitt-C; Larntz-K; Renier-C
Epidemiology 1997 Jul; 8(4):408-413
A case control study was undertaken to identify important risk factors for work related violent victimization. Sociodemographic risk factors for becoming a victim of robbery and assault were examined using the National Crime Victimization Survey database, a national sample of housing addresses in which participants are contacted every 6 months and asked about victimization events. Subjects were 267 individuals who reported having been violently victimized at work or on their way to and from work in the previous 6 months. Controls (1,783 individuals) had not been victims of violent crime during that 6 month period. Risk factors varied by type of victimization, and differences were evident between men and women. Men less than 45 years of age had an increased risk for assault (odds ratio (OR) 2.0 to 2.7) compared with those 55 years of age and older. Those with a family income of less than 40,000 dollars had an increased risk for assault (OR 1.7 to 1.9) compared with those having a family income of 50,000 dollars or more. Risk was decreased for those with a high school education (OR=0.6) compared to those with some college education. For women, an increased risk was seen for those aged 16 to 18 years (OR 3.3) and 25 to 34 years (OR 2.3) compared with those 55 years of age or older. Women who were divorced or separated (OR 4.4) and never married (OR 2.1) where at higher risk than women who were married. Risk was less for nonwhites (OR=0.5) compared to whites. The authors conclude that the study elucidates strong sociodemographic risk factors for work related violence.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Training; Occupational-hazards; Workplace-violence; Age-factors; Sex-factors; Racial-factors; Risk-factors; Sociological-factors
Environmental Health, University of Minnesota, 1158 Mayo Memorial, Minneapolis, MN 55455
University of Minnesota at Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minneapolis, Minnesota